Water your lawn
Water is a very important for everyone including plants. It’s definitely a basic but often forgotten. When things get busy in the warmer months, or you go on vacation, regular watering of your lawn may go undone. Always water your lawns but don’t over water as this can cause them to root shallowly and establish poorly. If possible, use rainwater from a water butt or washing up bowl. If you want to keep your lawns hydrated you can also use sprinklers. Remember that lawns require one to two inches of water each week and even more when it’s hot, due to increased evaporation.
Mow your lawn regularly
Cut your lawn at least once every two weeks this spring. Regular trimming allows the roots to spread, which will help to fill gaps and block out weeds. In order to keep lawns healthy, it’s also ideal to mow not below three inches. If possible, do mulch clippings rather than bagging them in order to return nutrients and organic compost to the soil. Be careful not to scalp the edges of your lawn in areas around walkways or the driveway. These areas become spots where weeds will thrive.
Compacted ground prevents grass growing well and can lead to bare patches in the summer. Use prongs to open up the soil, allowing the roots to breathe and encouraging the grass to regrow. On heavy ground, such as clay soils, improve drainage and prevent further compaction by brushing sharp sand or fine horticultural grit into the holes. Lawn aeration will help relieve soil compaction and let water and oxygen penetrate to the roots. It’s also a good idea to get a soil test every three years and to add limestone in areas with a low pH.
Weed your lawn
Plantains and dandelions have wide, flat leaves that can smother large areas of lawn and inhibit growth. Although they can be easily remove using a hand trowel or daisy grubber. Yellow medick, buttercups and clover can also spread quickly through a lawn. Rake before you mow to help in lifting them up into the mower blades, weakening and killing them off over time.
Edge your lawn
Just like any other masterpiece, doing some finishing touch makes it more spectacular. Edging a lawn is the finishing touch to a neat, clipped lawn. Define the edge of your lawn by using a pair of long-handled shears. It will stop the grass growing into borders and instantly neatens your garden, creating a very satisfying finish. Where the lawn has grown into the border, use a spade or half-moon edger to reshape it and create a shallow ‘moat’ or install permanent edging that the grass can’t cross.
Fill bare lawn patches
Rather than letting bare patches spoil the look of your lawn, sow grass seed over the raked soil. You can alternatively make fillers from unused turf. When reshaping the lawn, collect up the strips and place them 5cm apart in a compost-filled seed tray, then grow them on outside or in a cold frame.
To replace the bare patch, cut out a square or rectangle around the area and, using a hand trowel, dig up the soil in the rectangle to whatever depth of soil your new turf strip is. Lay the turf gently, cut to fit, over the patch. Firm it down so that there are no gaps and your new turf is no higher or lower than your existing lawn.
Fertilize your lawn
To maintain your lawn looking good, you need to feed it regularly.Invest in a wheeled lawn feeder for a fast and accurate job if you have a large lawn. It is best to apply fertilizer to grass when rain is forecast, so that it gets washed down to the roots and prevent from burning the leaf blades. If it doesn’t rain, water the fertilizer with a hose or watering can. Your grass should look greener within a week.
Lawns typically need a feed in spring and midsummer. It also needs approximately four to five fertilizer treatments each year to replace used nutrients in the soil.
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